Several engineers born in India have led our nation towards progress. On 15th September, India celebrates Engineer’s Day every year to mark the birth anniversary of its one of the finest engineers, Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya. The day has been dedicated to him because of his achievements and contribution towards the development in the field of engineering. The word ‘engineer’ is derived from the Latin word ingeniare which means to create, generate or contrive. Through this article, understand the importance of National Engineer’s Day celebrations in 2021 and learn about the contributions made by Engineer Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya.
History of the National Engineer’s Day
M. Visvesvaraya, also known as ‘Father of Modern Mysore’, scripted a history in India’s engineering field. To honour this legend and the profession of engineering, National Engineer’s Day is celebrated on the day when he was born, i.e. 15 September. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya also called Sir MV made so many contributions into the development of the nation. His achievements and dedication placed him among India’s most eminent engineers.
Before the independence of India, King George V knighted him as the Knight Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire (KCIE) for his contributions to the public welfare. Since 1968, India has been celebrating Engineer’s Day annually. Sir M Vishveshvarya also called as the father of Indian Engineering for his enormous contributions and innovations in the field of engineering and the development of society.
Who was Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya?
Sir M Visvesvaraya was an Indian civil engineer, statesman and the 19th Diwan of Mysore. He was born in 1860 on 15 September in a small village called Muddenahalli in Karnataka. The parents of Sir MV were scholars in Sanskrit. Sir M Visvesvaraya completed his early education in village and went to Bangalore for higher studies where he completed his graduation in Arts. Later, he went on to pursue Civil engineering and completed the course from College of Engineering from Pune. He was instrumental in development and implementation of varied systems of irrigation, flood protection, etc. at different places of the country. Apart from this, he contributed hugely in the construction of several establishments. He was honoured with the India’s highest civilian award – the Bharat Ratna in 1955 by the government of India.
Why do we celebrate National Engineer’s Day?
Sir M Visvesvaraya was an expert of irrigation and flood disaster management. His ground-breaking works in these fields are commendable as he introduced new and modern irrigation techniques as well as flood control and mitigation system. He designed ‘automatic barrier water floodgates’ which was installed in Pune in 1903. He also designed the Krishanasagar dam which is considered as one of the largest dams in India.
After completing his career spanning four decades as an engineer, he established the famous and fifth Government Engineering College of India, the University Visvesvaraya College of Engineering, in 1917. Sir MV was a member of the Governing Council of the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore and later he also became a member of the governing board in Tata Iron and Steel. For the uncountable efforts and huge role played towards the nation’s assets and growth, India celebrates his birthday as National Engineer’s Day. Besides India, other two countries – Sri Lanka and Tanzania also celebrate this day.
Role of Engineer’s Day 2021 in social life
A painter creates a beautiful piece of art using his skills to paint or draw. Similarly, constructing or building something also requires a well-planned design that can only be possible if a person possesses skills related to it. Engineers are the persons who design, create and innovate. Engineers have contributed in shaping our past, are designing our present and building our future with their skills. Directly or indirectly, skills of engineers are handy in almost all kinds of industries and businesses. Many prominent engineers have graced the land of India. Even the historical monuments of India are also the evidence of the unique work created by our great engineers.
Without a well-prepared designed, no infrastructure can be made. From a small house to big skyscrapers, all are the result of hard work of engineers. Engineers are not only restricted to the construction field but also they innovate new things related to electric items, electronic items and in the area of mechanical engineering, etc. So, National Engineer’s Day is also dedicated to all those engineers of our country who are working to the development of the nation.
People should be thankful for the engineers for the innovations and convenience brought to their lives by various engineering produces. Technology is playing a major role in today’s digital world and technological advancements are also the result of hardwork done by engineers. For past few years, the importance of this day has increased and people are becoming more aware about the future aspects of this profession. Thus, this has increased the job opportunities for the youth of our country who are seeking their career in the field of engineering.
How can we celebrate National Engineer’s Day 2021?
This day is celebrated by different government and private organizations as they organize many events. These events include activities like speech competitions, award ceremonies, etc. Due to the situation of Covid-19 pandemic, people are avoiding organizing many outdoor events or huge gatherings. So, they started celebrating it virtually. Official associations related to engineering posted several wishes on social media to celebrate National Engineer’s Day in 2020. Similarly, people are reaching to the social media platforms like Facebook and Twitter for sharing wishes, quotes, and images of the National Engineer’s Day 2021 with trends like #Engineer’sDay.
Aim of observing Indian Engineer’s Day is to appreciate the efforts and hard work of our engineers. However, different countries celebrate their own Engineering Day on different dates to promote this profession and encourage people to pursue it as a career. Government of India conducts entrance exams such as IIT-JEE for admission in India’s premier engineering institutes. JEE is also considered among the toughest exams of the world. Even, India is the country that has the largest numbers of engineers and the largest number of engineering colleges in the world.
The hard work and dedication of different engineers across the world have given many precious gifts to us, be it structures like Taj Mahal, leaning tower of Pisa, Burj Khalifa or innovations such as computers, cars, railways, etc.
National Engineer’s Day 2021: FAQ
Q1. When is the World Engineers’ Day celebrated?
Ans. Different countries celebrate World Engineers’ Day on different dates. However, UNESCO proclaimed 4 March as World Engineers’ Day to raise awareness of the role of engineering in modern life for Sustainable Development during its 40th session in November 2019.
Q2. What qualification is required to become an engineer in India?
Ans. To become an engineer in India you need to complete your schooling with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics (PCM) subjects and require a Bachelor’s Degree in any four year Engineering course.
Q3. Who was the first female engineer in India?
Ans. Since the independence of India, girls are pursuing engineering course as their career. Ayyalasomayajula Lalitha is considered as the first female engineer of India. She attended the First International Conference of Women Engineers and Scientists (ICWES) in New York in 1964.
Q4. What are the main branches of engineering to study?
There are several branches of engineering in which students can apply according to their interests. Main branches of engineering are:
- Civil Engineering
- Chemical Engineering
- Aerospace or Aeronautical Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
- Electrical/Electronic Engineering
- Computer Engineering